Air conditioning is a great way to maintain the proper humidity in a room or building during warmer seasons. The system is helpful for many reasons, including removing soot, dust, and microorganisms that could be found in the air. It also keeps indoor air cool. The history of air conditioning goes back to the early nineteenth century.

Air conditioning systems use electrical power to cool the air inside a building. However, many cooling systems consume more energy during summer because of the high temperature and humidity. This combination results in higher sensible and latent loads for cooling systems. The higher the relative humidity, the more the cooling system can extract moisture from the air. Simple thermostats control most air conditioning systems, but more sophisticated systems use microprocessors and electronics.

There are two types of air conditioning systems: condensing and evaporative. The condensing unit is a large appliance located outside the building and contains the compressor, condensing coils, and a fan. The evaporative unit is typically installed in the furnace plenum, which has a plenum that houses the evaporator coil. The condensed moisture on the evaporator coil is then removed from the building employing a floor drain.

The efficiency of air conditioning systems is increasing thanks to government mandates, incentive programs, and consumer demand. Between 1976 and 1991, the average efficiency of new central air conditioners increased by 35 percent. In 1992, national standards were put in place to promote energy-efficient equipment. The increased efficiency of air conditioning systems has resulted in higher equipment prices but lower operating costs. The lower energy bills can justify higher equipment costs over the unit's lifetime.

Air conditioning systems have come a long way since the early days of refrigeration. The earliest air conditioners were not central systems and were only applicable to homes and small commercial establishments. Unlike significant systems, they did not require extensive modifications to the heating system. This was a significant benefit for window air conditioners and other types of air conditioning at that time.

Before the invention of air conditioning, people cooled rooms by storing large blocks of ice. The amount of ice that would melt in a day was used to measure the system's cooling efficiency. Today, air conditioners can cool rooms by removing random particles in the air. In addition to this, they can dehumidify the air in a room.

The most common type of air conditioning is central. They work by circulating air through supply and return ducts in the walls and floors of the home. This enables the newly cooled air to be distributed throughout the house. The system also contains a compressor that moves the air through the evaporator and condenser.

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